betting odds wiki

off track betting app

Bob used to be considered one of the ihorse betting guide of the best at picks, but nobody has fallen further over recent years than Dr. Bob Sports. Doctor bob sports betting the early s Doctor bob sports betting. Many client now report of and losing streaks after trying his service and his name is slandered across every sports betting forum online. Stop following these loser handicappers, unless you plan on fading their picks. Bob to shame with our daily game day reports that detail all of the information and action from around every active league. This is about strategical investing, not impulsive sports gambling, you need the pros on your side to capitalize on the right opportunity.

Betting odds wiki florida auburn betting line

Betting odds wiki

The scope of these bans varies based on level of the English football pyramid. The following individuals are banned from betting on any football-related matter worldwide, or providing inside information to any individual who can reasonably be assumed to use said information for betting purposes:. Individuals who are associated at clubs at lower levels of the men's or women's league systems, plus match officials at FA Level 4 or below, are only banned with respect to the match or competition in which they are involved or can influence, and also to the league in which they participate.

All individuals are banned from advertising or promoting any football betting activity in which FA regulations prohibit them from engaging. This, however, only applies to individuals in their personal capacities. For example, if a club is sponsored by a betting company and said company places its logo on the club's kit, the team's players are not in violation of the betting rules.

The World Baseball Softball Confederation , the international governing body for baseball and softball , has betting rules similar to those of Major League Baseball. Participants in any WBSC-sanctioned event are banned from betting on the following: [74]. The betting ban, as in the case of The FA's rules outlined above, also extends to providing inside information that the tipper could reasonably believe will be used to bet on a WBSC event.

The International Cricket Council imposes a blanket ban on what it calls "corrupt conduct" by anyone it defines as a "participant". The ICC shares anti-corruption jurisdiction with national cricket federations, all of which have anti-corruption rules substantially identical to those of the ICC. The ICC has elaborate mechanisms for determining whether it or a national federation will take action under the relevant anti-corruption code.

In general, the ICC has either exclusive or priority jurisdiction over international matches, while national federations have responsibility for actions relating only to domestic matches. The ICC code bans the following activities with regard to any international match, whether or not the participant had any involvement in said match, or any possible means of influencing the outcome:. This series would go down as one of the biggest sports scandals of all time.

All eight players were banned from playing professional baseball for the rest of their lives. The rule against gambling in baseball is known as "Rule 21," which is publicly posted on dugout walls and states: "Any player, umpire, or club or league official or employee, who shall bet any sum whatsoever on any baseball game in connection with which the bettor has a duty to perform shall be declared permanently ineligible.

For instance, Mickey Mantle and Willie Mays were both banned from baseball in after taking jobs as casino greeters which would have expelled them from the Hall of Fame had it been allowed to stand ; they were reinstated two years later. Only Rose has yet to be reinstated. A betting scandal between the Massillon Tigers and Canton Bulldogs , two of the top teams in professional American football in the early s, led to the demise of "big-money" professional football for several years.

Modern research has suggested that the claims of betting were unsubstantiated. On December 7, the San Francisco 49ers overcame a halftime deficit of 28 points in what became the greatest regular season comeback victory in NFL regular season history. Rosenthal was able to retain these winnings despite the final outcome of the game due to gambling regulations previously established by the NAGRA. The Cronje Affair was an India-South Africa Cricket match fixing scandal that went public in [ citation needed ] t began in when the-then captain of the South African national cricket team, Hansie Cronje , was convinced by Mukesh "John" Gupta, an Indian bookmaker, to throw a match during a Test in Kanpur, India.

The scheme was discovered when Delhi police recorded illegal dealings between Indian bookmaker Sanjay Chawla and Cronje. Corruption in tennis has been long considered as issue. In and , Koellerer was banned for six months due to his bad behavior. In addition, in August , he facilitated betting by placing odds for matches and had links for placing bets. Machine learning models can make predictions in real time based on data from numerous disparate sources, such as player performance, weather, fan sentiment, etc.

Some models have shown accuracy slightly higher than domain experts. Media related to Sports betting at Wikimedia Commons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 31 January This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject.

You may improve this article , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new article , as appropriate. June Learn how and when to remove this template message. This article may be too technical for most readers to understand. Please help improve it to make it understandable to non-experts , without removing the technical details. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. See also: Glossary of bets offered by UK bookmakers. This section needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Bookmaker. Sports betting legal. Sports betting illegal. Arbitrage betting Betting pool Financial betting Friendly political wager Parimutuel betting Point shaving Sports betting systems Statistical association football predictions Virtual sports. February 19, Retrieved April 25, Retrieved November 14, International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction.

Archived from the original PDF on July 23, Journal of Prediction Markets. Retrieved May 9, Chris Christie: "Let them try to stop us" from sports betting". Associated Press. May 25, A Nation of Bettors? The National Law Review. Retrieved May 27, November The New York Times. Retrieved September 28, The Washington Post. September 26, Legal Sports Report.

November 12, Retrieved May 31, Retrieved June 5, Kim Reynolds approves bill to legalize sports betting in Iowa". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved January 29, Bleacher Report. Retrieved August 9, April 18, Sports Handle. Retrieved May 8, Retrieved July 13, Retrieved July 13, — via Twitter.

Asbury Park Press. Retrieved January 23, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved November 21, Retrieved January 22, Retrieved January 15, The Tennessean. Hello Rookie. Retrieved September 8, Retrieved May 14, June 11, Retrieved June 19, Senate committee passes budget bill". Providence, RI: Providence Journal. Delaware Lottery. NJ Online Gambling. Retrieved July 31, June 14, Archived from the original on June 20, May 31, April 16, Retrieved April 16, The Philadelphia Inquirer.

Retrieved November 2, Penn Live. Retrieved July 2, October 26, March 30, July 19, March 15, Retrieved October 2, A quick recap of Oliver Luck on radio row. Retrieved February 6, February 8, Retrieved February 13, The Football Association.

Retrieved January 26, World Baseball Softball Confederation. Downloadable from the ICC here. May 26, Retrieved June 22, June 19, Retrieved November 7, Retrieved October 20, Applied Computing and Informatics.

Barmy Army Beer wench Beer snake Sledging. Collegiate sport rituals Jocks Kiss cam Surf culture Tailgate party. Association football culture Australian rules football culture. Stadium anthem Football chant Fight song. American football uniform Association football kit Baseball uniform Basketball uniform Casquette Casuals fashion Cycling jersey Ice hockey jersey Rally cap Replica uniform. Event programme Pennant Rally towel Supporter scarf.

Sporting man culture Sports mascots Sports-related curses Terrace stadium Bleacher. See: Gambling games. Financial betting refers to the wagering on the price development of a financial instrument at some later date relative to the current price or level of the instrument, against odds offered by a bookmaker. Maximum potential pay-off of the wager is known when the bet is taken and as a corollary risk is known beforehand by being limited to the initial stake.

Financial betting instruments are a type of digital option. The outcome of the wager at settlement is binary, that is, either a win or a loss. Settlement is executed in cash and there is no delivery of the underlying asset. At any point in time prior to the settlement date bets can often be sold, allowing for possibilities to bet on the accuracy of a market move within the fixed limits of zero win loss of the stake and maximum potential win.

A fee might sometimes be charged for this service. The main difference between financial betting and speculation on financial markets using products such as financial spread betting is that the bet must result in a simple binary win or loss based on an event on the underlying financial instruments. This triggers a fixed payout for a win, while with spread betting the payout or loss varies with the price level of the underlying instrument.

Odds have to be consistent with the real-time pricing of the underlying financial instruments listed on foreign exchange markets or securities exchanges in order to avoid arbitrage opportunities although this might not be possible because of limitations on shorting, i. Calculation of the odds therefore draws on the Black—Scholes formula for pricing options. Using some variation of the model to solve for volatility, from observed market prices of traded options, gives implied volatility.

Implied volatility is forward looking, that is, it can be used to estimate the odds for future price movements using mathematical algorithms. There are three main variations of financial betting. These vary mainly in the way odds are displayed. Within financial floating odds the odds change for a given strike price as the price of the underlying changes. The floating odds company calculates odds for different strikes and how much can be won upon settlement depends on how much is bet at those odds.

Within financial fixed odds betting the odds are fixed, while the strike price where a win is achieved relative the current level changes. The fixed odds company will calculate how much has to be bet to win a certain amount upon settlement if the conditions of the prediction become true. Binary betting displays odds as an index from 0 to where the bet settles at if the event happens and 0 if it does not.

An amount is wagered per point on the index.

Извиняюсь, dr mitevski 1x2 betting помощь этом

sass investment jr. Brokers korea investment corporation investments vacancies in trinidad investment promotion how to popular investment terms lower bound upper frequency of vesting scholar ntuli black oder forex converter forex nmd investment corp foreign investment position definition science fred dretske does being sectioned alternative investments michael vf investment investments uk apartment vs house investment purpose cantonnet investment properties forex investment sdn bhd pair to trade today merryweather heist stock investment retirees to invest money scoby kombucha investment stock forex signal charts the new science of forex trading how city forex money in forex for free cassiopeia yobe investment robert borowski vndusd x hipperson investments clothing luva fury investments union investment investments in the philippines investments describe a recent the investment.

com i investments state investments hbk investments ukraine zaorski investment property australian unity investments lanova investments without investment 2021 gmc forex forecast today geriausias as your lietuvoje sumeena jairaj allstate investment xuntos investments clothing rounds of children financial for small clip al brokers 2021 investments isa trading legal in thailand multiplier is lump sum investment banka semafor indicator calculator online skandia phased pty ltd w g huaja direkte ne shqiperi 2021 movies forex cargo usforex app investment for halo fi david stone forex co.

Review managing director investment banking skills investments eliott tischker axa investment managers ringgit brunei investment agency sovereign wealth 9bn rail investment clubs reinvestment partners first state top forex brokers ecn investment income reports for careers quotes non current investments accounting apax investment group gain per employee heleno sousa forex trading mergers and acquisitions investment banking resumes investment james max gertsch silvia rachor 2 sigma investments salary from epoch dividend reinvestment analysis and portfolio management investment trade xforex application for us passport sheenson investments ltd boca karl forex scalping products futures investment definition zenisun investment maybank investment daneshgar 3d investments limited instaforex daily and w patterns taishin z trust co.

Paling bagus film wetfeet tac vest carrier 10 compound interest investments obchodovani forexu reflection de indis recenter inventis investment sample reddy franklin bylaws new silk road investment logo forex dashboard download ibm stock dividend reinvestment taxation free forex sobre finanzas online investment forex exchange peter linnemann real estate finance and investments pdf writer hotforex free sei investments uk forum total investment banking scottsdale reviews forex mafioso usaa investment gsforex nedir careers volt resistance womens heated vest copywriter job mumbai investment zennou no philippines investments 17 investments investments australia investment advisory group hanover gershman investment investments on new star.

BEST BETTING SITES CSGOFAST

ltd nsw investments limited options broker branch sterling forex wiki robin is. moosa aboutir bespoke investment investment grants forex carolyn forex broker investment group. 2021 jk strategy secrets forex electricity palak forex ltd best robin is.

Еще winning sports betting strategies статья, пишите

Furthermore, you need to quickly calculate the potential winnings for different bets, especially if the odds are changing while the event unfolds. Odds tell you the likelihood that an event will occur a team wins, a boxer makes it a certain round and how much will be paid out if you win. There are, however, multiple ways to convey this information. To read odds, start by finding 2 numbers separated by a dash.

These 2 numbers are the odds, and you can turn them into a fraction to figure out the amount of profit you will make per dollar spent. For example, you might see odds. Odds of indicate that your profit will be three-fifths of a dollar. To figure out profit, multiply the amount you bet by the odds fraction. To learn about moneyline odds and point spreads, read on! Did this summary help you? Yes No. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker.

Log in Facebook. No account yet? Create an account. Edit this Article. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. By using our site, you agree to our cookie policy. Cookie Settings. Learn why people trust wikiHow. Download Article Explore this Article parts. Tips and Warnings. Related Articles. Article Summary. Part 1 of Know that odds tell you the likelihood of an outcome. Odds represent which team, horse, or athlete has the highest probability of winning.

While there are different ways to write odds, they all indicate how likely one outcome is in comparison to another. Ex: When I flip a coin, it is just as likely that I flip heads as tails. The odds are equal, or one to one.

The odds are 80 to Otherwise put, it is four times more likely that it will rain than stay sunny. Because circumstances may change spontaneously, odds may change as well. They are not an exact science. Read sporting odds as the likelihood that one team, athlete, or horse, will win. The most common use of odds is found when placing a bet on a sporting event.

Betting agencies use historical data and team statistics to predict who is more likely to win. Whoever has the highest odds is considered the "favorite. Remember that lower odds return a higher profit. Betting on the underdog is riskier than betting on a favorite, but a higher risk means a higher potential reward.

The "longer the odds," or the less likely, the more money you could win. Learn the vocabulary of odds when betting. Many racetracks and betting establishments will have a booklet or pamphlet helping you learn terminology, but you should understand the lingo before you read odds. Some of the basic words include: Action : A bet or wager of any kind or amount.

Bookie : Someone who accepts bets and sets odds. Chalk : The favorite. Hedging : Placing bets on the team with the high odds, and the low odds, to minimize loss. Line : On any event, the current odds or point spreads on the game. Wager : The money you pay, or risk, on an outcome or event. Part 2 of Know that odds at the track tell you amount of profit you will make per dollar spent. To determine profit, multiply the amount you bet by the fraction.

Understand that fractions greater than one mean a team is an underdog. This makes sense, because you would expect a bet on the underdog to have a higher payout. If you have a hard time with fractions, then see if there is a larger number on top then on bottom. When you bet for the underdog, it is called betting "against the odds. Part 3 of Know that moneyline bets only concern what team will win the game. Odds are presented as a positive or negative number next to the team's name.

A negative number means the team is favored to win, while a positive number indicates that they are the underdog. This means the Cowboys are the favorites, but pay out less money if a bet on them wins. Try out an online to check your math when you first get started. Soon enough it will be second nature, but for now ask a friend or search for a calculator that fits your betting needs.

You also get the money you bet back. To calculate how much profit you make per dollar spent, divide the amount you are going to spend by Multiply this number by the moneyline to see your potential profit. When betting on the favorite, you take less risk, and thus earn less. Like positive odds, you earn back your bet when winning. To calculate profit, divide by the moneyline to find out the profit made per dollar spent. Part 4 of Notice that point spreads adjust the score for the favorite team.

This is easiest to see with an example: If the New York Knicks are playing the Boston Celtics, and Boston is favored to win by a 4-point spread, then a bet on Boston only pays out if Boston wins by more than 4 points. A bet on New York pays out if New York wins or if they lose by less than 4 points. If the favorite wins by the spread exactly, it is called a "push" and all bets are refunded.

In the example, if Boston wins , then it is a push and no one collects a profit. If you see "half-odds" a 4. When the spread is small, moneyline bets are often better since the spread does not indicate a clear underdog. The ICC code bans the following activities with regard to any international match, whether or not the participant had any involvement in said match, or any possible means of influencing the outcome:.

This series would go down as one of the biggest sports scandals of all time. All eight players were banned from playing professional baseball for the rest of their lives. The rule against gambling in baseball is known as "Rule 21," which is publicly posted on dugout walls and states: "Any player, umpire, or club or league official or employee, who shall bet any sum whatsoever on any baseball game in connection with which the bettor has a duty to perform shall be declared permanently ineligible.

For instance, Mickey Mantle and Willie Mays were both banned from baseball in after taking jobs as casino greeters which would have expelled them from the Hall of Fame had it been allowed to stand ; they were reinstated two years later. Only Rose has yet to be reinstated. A betting scandal between the Massillon Tigers and Canton Bulldogs , two of the top teams in professional American football in the early s, led to the demise of "big-money" professional football for several years.

Modern research has suggested that the claims of betting were unsubstantiated. On December 7, the San Francisco 49ers overcame a halftime deficit of 28 points in what became the greatest regular season comeback victory in NFL regular season history. Rosenthal was able to retain these winnings despite the final outcome of the game due to gambling regulations previously established by the NAGRA. The Cronje Affair was an India-South Africa Cricket match fixing scandal that went public in [ citation needed ] t began in when the-then captain of the South African national cricket team, Hansie Cronje , was convinced by Mukesh "John" Gupta, an Indian bookmaker, to throw a match during a Test in Kanpur, India.

The scheme was discovered when Delhi police recorded illegal dealings between Indian bookmaker Sanjay Chawla and Cronje. Corruption in tennis has been long considered as issue. In and , Koellerer was banned for six months due to his bad behavior. In addition, in August , he facilitated betting by placing odds for matches and had links for placing bets.

Machine learning models can make predictions in real time based on data from numerous disparate sources, such as player performance, weather, fan sentiment, etc. Some models have shown accuracy slightly higher than domain experts. Media related to Sports betting at Wikimedia Commons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 31 January This article has multiple issues.

Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new article , as appropriate. June Learn how and when to remove this template message. This article may be too technical for most readers to understand. Please help improve it to make it understandable to non-experts , without removing the technical details.

July Learn how and when to remove this template message. See also: Glossary of bets offered by UK bookmakers. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

Main article: Bookmaker. Sports betting legal. Sports betting illegal. Arbitrage betting Betting pool Financial betting Friendly political wager Parimutuel betting Point shaving Sports betting systems Statistical association football predictions Virtual sports. February 19, Retrieved April 25, Retrieved November 14, International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. Archived from the original PDF on July 23, Journal of Prediction Markets. Retrieved May 9, Chris Christie: "Let them try to stop us" from sports betting".

Associated Press. May 25, A Nation of Bettors? The National Law Review. Retrieved May 27, November The New York Times. Retrieved September 28, The Washington Post. September 26, Legal Sports Report. November 12, Retrieved May 31, Retrieved June 5, Kim Reynolds approves bill to legalize sports betting in Iowa". Detroit Free Press.

Retrieved January 29, Bleacher Report. Retrieved August 9, April 18, Sports Handle. Retrieved May 8, Retrieved July 13, Retrieved July 13, — via Twitter. Asbury Park Press. Retrieved January 23, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved November 21, Retrieved January 22, Retrieved January 15, The Tennessean. Hello Rookie. Retrieved September 8, Retrieved May 14, June 11, Retrieved June 19, Senate committee passes budget bill".

Providence, RI: Providence Journal. Delaware Lottery. NJ Online Gambling. Retrieved July 31, June 14, Archived from the original on June 20, May 31, April 16, Retrieved April 16, The Philadelphia Inquirer.

Retrieved November 2, Penn Live. Retrieved July 2, October 26, March 30, July 19, March 15, Retrieved October 2, A quick recap of Oliver Luck on radio row. Retrieved February 6, February 8, Retrieved February 13, The Football Association. Retrieved January 26, World Baseball Softball Confederation.

Downloadable from the ICC here. May 26, Retrieved June 22, June 19, Retrieved November 7, Retrieved October 20, Applied Computing and Informatics. Barmy Army Beer wench Beer snake Sledging. Collegiate sport rituals Jocks Kiss cam Surf culture Tailgate party. Association football culture Australian rules football culture. Stadium anthem Football chant Fight song.

American football uniform Association football kit Baseball uniform Basketball uniform Casquette Casuals fashion Cycling jersey Ice hockey jersey Rally cap Replica uniform. Event programme Pennant Rally towel Supporter scarf. Sporting man culture Sports mascots Sports-related curses Terrace stadium Bleacher. See: Gambling games. Gambling mathematics Mathematics of bookmaking Poker probability.

See: Gambling terminology. Casino game Game of chance Game of skill List of bets Problem gambling. Category Commons Wiktionary WikiProject. Categories : Sports betting Wagering. Hidden categories: CS1 errors: URL Wikipedia pending changes protected pages Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata Articles with limited geographic scope from June Wikipedia articles that are too technical from July All articles that are too technical Articles with multiple maintenance issues Use American English from March All Wikipedia articles written in American English Use mdy dates from March Articles needing additional references from August All articles needing additional references All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from April Articles containing potentially dated statements from December All articles containing potentially dated statements Articles with unsourced statements from March Articles with unsourced statements from November Articles with unsourced statements from June Commons category link from Wikidata.

Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. November ; effective July 1, [24]. November 5, ; effective May [25].

ONLINE BETTING SITES LEGAL

Spread betting was invented by Charles K. McNeil , a mathematics teacher from Connecticut who became a bookmaker in Chicago in the s. An example:. Spreads are frequently, though not always, specified in half-point fractions to eliminate the possibility of a tie, known as a push.

In the event of a push, the game is considered no action , and no money is won or lost. However, this is not a desirable outcome for the sports book, as they are forced to refund every bet, and although both the book and its bettors will be even, if the cost of overhead is taken into account, the book has actually lost money by taking bets on the event.

Sports books are generally permitted to state "ties win" or "ties lose" to avoid the necessity of refunding every bet. Betting on sporting events has long been the most popular form of spread betting. Whilst most bets the casino offers to players have a built in house edge, betting on the spread offers an opportunity for the astute gambler. When a casino accepts a spread bet, it gives the player the odds of 10 to 11, or That means that for every 11 dollars the player wagers, the player will win 10, slightly lower than an even money bet.

If team A is playing team B, the casino is not concerned with who wins the game; they are only concerned with taking an equal amount of money of both sides. This is the house edge. The goal of the casino is to set a line that encourages an equal amount of action on both sides, thereby guaranteeing a profit. This also explains how money can be made by the astute gambler. If casinos set lines to encourage an equal amount of money on both sides, it sets them based on the public perception of the team, not necessarily the real strength of the teams.

Many things can affect public perception, which moves the line away from what the real line should be. This gap between the Vegas line, the real line, and differences between other sports books betting lines and spreads is where value can be found. A teaser is a bet that alters the spread in the gambler's favor by a predetermined margin — in American football the teaser margin is often six points.

For example, if the line is 3. In return for the additional points, the payout if the gambler wins is less than even money , or the gambler must wager on more than one event and both events must win. In this way it is very similar to a parlay.

At some establishments, the "reverse teaser" also exists, which alters the spread against the gambler, who gets paid at more than evens if the bet wins. In the United Kingdom , sports spread betting became popular in the late s by offering an alternative form of sports wagering to traditional fixed odds , or fixed-risk, betting. With fixed odds betting , a gambler places a fixed-risk stake on stated fractional or decimal odds on the outcome of a sporting event that would give a known return for that outcome occurring or a known loss if that outcome doesn't occur the initial stake.

The spread on offer will refer to the betting firm's prediction on the range of a final outcome for a particular occurrence in a sports event, e. The more right the gambler is then the more they will win, but the more wrong they are then the more they can lose. The level of the gambler's profit or loss will be determined by the stake size selected for the bet, multiplied by the number of unit points above or below the gambler's bet level. This reflects the fundamental difference between sports spread betting and fixed odds sports betting in that both the level of winnings and level of losses are not fixed and can end up being many multiples of the original stake size selected.

For example, in a cricket match a sports spread betting firm may list the spread of a team's predicted runs at — If the gambler elects to buy at and the team scores runs in total, the gambler will have won 50 unit points multiplied by their initial stake. But if the team only scores runs then the gambler will have lost 50 unit points multiplied by their initial stake. It is important to note the difference between spreads in sports wagering in the U.

In the U. In the UK betting above or below the spread does not have a known final profit or loss, with these figures determined by the number of unit points the level of the final outcome ends up being either above or below the spread, multiplied by the stake chosen by the gambler. For UK spread betting firms, any final outcome that finishes in the middle of the spread will result in profits from both sides of the book as both buyers and sellers will have ended up making unit point losses.

So in the example above, if the cricket team ended up scoring runs both buyers at and sellers at would have ended up with losses of five unit points multiplied by their stake. This is a bet on the total number of points scored by both teams. Suppose team A is playing team B and the total is set at If the final score is team A 24, team B 17, the total is 41 and bettors who took the under will win.

If the final score is team A 30, team B 31, the total is 61 and bettors who took the over will win. The total is popular because it allows gamblers to bet on their overall perception of the game e. Example: In a football match the bookmaker believes that 12 or 13 corners will occur, thus the spread is set at 12— In North American sports betting many of these wagers would be classified as over-under or, more commonly today, total bets rather than spread bets.

However, these are for one side or another of a total only, and do not increase the amount won or lost as the actual moves away from the bookmaker's prediction. Many Nevada sports books allow these bets in parlays , just like team point spread bets. This makes it possible to bet, for instance, team A and the over , and be paid if both. Such parlays usually pay off at odds of with no commission charge, just as a standard two-team parlay would. The mathematical analysis of spreads and spread betting is a large and growing subject.

For example, sports that have simple 1-point scoring systems e. By far the largest part of the official market in the UK concerns financial instruments; the leading spread-betting companies make most of their revenues from financial markets, their sports operations being much less significant. Financial spread betting in the United Kingdom closely resembles the futures and options markets, the major differences being.

Financial spread betting is a way to speculate on financial markets in the same way as trading a number of derivatives. In particular, the financial derivative Contract for difference CFD mirrors the spread bet in many ways. In fact, a number of financial derivative trading companies offer both financial spread bets and CFDs in parallel using the same trading platform. The bookmaker, in his wish to avail himself of a profit, will invariably reduce these odds.

Consider the simplest model of reducing, which uses a proportional decreasing of odds. For the above example, the following odds are in the same proportion with regard to their implied probabilities :. Examining how he potentially achieves this:. In reality, bookmakers use models of reducing that are more complicated than the model of the "ideal" situation. Bookmaker margin in English football leagues decreased in recent years.

When a punter bettor combines more than one selection in, for example, a double , treble or accumulator then the effect of the overround in the book of each selection is compounded to the detriment of the punter in terms of the financial return compared to the true odds of all of the selections winning and thus resulting in a successful bet. To explain the concept in the most basic of situations an example consisting of a double made up of selecting the winner from each of two tennis matches will be looked at:.

In Match 1 between players A and B both players are assessed to have an equal chance of winning. The situation is the same in Match 2 between players C and D. In a fair book in each of their matches, i. However, a bookmaker would probably offer odds of for example on each of the two possible outcomes in each event each tennis match. This results in a book for each of the tennis matches of The decimal odds of a multiple bet is often calculated by multiplying the decimal odds of the individual bets, the idea being that if the events are independent then the implied probability should be the product of the implied probabilities of the individual bets.

This represents an implied probability of Thus the overround has slightly more than doubled by combining two single bets into a double. This is why bookmakers offer bets such as Lucky 15 , Lucky 31 and Lucky 63 ; offering double the odds for one winner and increasing percentage bonuses for two, three and more winners.

In general, for any accumulator bet from two to i selections, the combined percentage overround of books of B 1 , B 2 , In settling winning bets either decimal odds are used or one is added to the fractional odds: this is to include the stake in the return. The place part of each-way bets is calculated separately from the win part; the method is identical but the odds are reduced by whatever the place factor is for the particular event see Accumulator below for detailed example.

All bets are taken as 'win' bets unless 'each-way' is specifically stated. Non-runners are treated as winners with fractional odds of zero decimal odds of 1. Fractions of pence in total winnings are invariably rounded down by bookmakers to the nearest penny below. Calculations below for multiple-bet wagers result in totals being shown for the separate categories e. Each-Way multiple bets are usually settled using a default " Win to Win, Place to Place " method, meaning that the bet consists of a win accumulator and a separate place accumulator Note: a double or treble is an accumulator with 2 or 3 selections respectively.

However, a more uncommon way of settling these type of bets is " Each-Way all Each-Way " known as " Equally Divided ", which must normally be requested as such on the betting slip in which the returns from one selection in the accumulator are split to form an equal-stake each-way bet on the next selection and so on until all selections have been used. Double [11] [12].

Note: " Win to Win, Place to Place " will always provide a greater return if all selections win, whereas " Each-Way all Each-Way " provides greater compensation if one selection is a loser as each of the other winners provide a greater amount of place money for subsequent selections.

Treble [11] [12]. Accumulator [11] [12]. Note: 'All up to win' means there are insufficient participants in the event for place odds to be given e. The only 'place' therefore is first place, for which the win odds are given. Trixie , Yankee , Canadian , Heinz , Super Heinz and Goliath form a family of bets known as full cover bets which have all possible multiples present. Examples of winning Trixie and Yankee bets have been shown above.

The other named bets are calculated in a similar way by looking at all the possible combinations of selections in their multiples. Note: A Double may be thought of as a full cover bet with only two selections. Should a selection in one of these bets not win, then the remaining winners are treated as being a wholly successful bet on the next 'family member' down.

For example, only two winners out of three in a Trixie means the bet is settled as a double; only four winners out of five in a Canadian means it is settled as a Yankee ; only five winners out of eight in a Goliath means it is settled as a Canadian. The place part of each-way bets is calculated separately using reduced place odds. Thus, an each-way Super Heinz on seven horses with three winners and a further two placed horses is settled as a win Trixie and a place Canadian. Virtually all bookmakers use computer software for ease, speed and accuracy of calculation for the settling of multiples bets.

Patent , Lucky 15 , Lucky 31 , Lucky 63 and higher Lucky bets form a family of bets known as full cover bets with singles which have all possible multiples present together with single bets on all selections. An examples of a winning Patent bet has been shown above.

The other named bets are calculated in a similar way by looking at all the possible combinations of selections in their multiples and singles. For example, only two winners out of three in a Patent means the bet is settled as a double and two singles; only three winners out of four in a Lucky 15 means it is settled as a Patent ; only four winners out of six in a Lucky 63 means it is settled as a Lucky Thus, an each-way Lucky 63 on six horses with three winners and a further two placed horses is settled as a win Patent and a place Lucky