The church is constructed in traditional Russian orthodox style. The construction of the church begun in October and was finished in 7th of July, as it was performed in short terms. It's 5 domes, including the central one that weights 7 tons, were made in Saint Petersburg and were installed by Russian specialists. The church is the first and only Russian church in Cyprus that has gilded domes. The church of St. Paul was built in when Cyprus was a protectorate of the British Empire.
The influence of politics on architecture is evident by the structural elements of the building, which is reminiscent of an English parish church. The Christian church today is part of the Diocese of Cyprus and the Gulf. The Greek Evangelical Church of Nicosia is a relatively modern architecture serving the local protestant community. Along with special hours dedicated to services of the Greek Evangelical community, it serves as a worship center of local protestants of other nationalities, such as Armenian, American, Romanian, Korean, Chinese, etc.
It is located on the Gladstone Street. As they were not committed, and very few, they quickly became associated with the Mother Church Armenian Apostolic Church , such as Apisoghom Utidjian, the official state documents translator - and the son of Stepan Utidjian, one the original founders of the Armenian Evangelical Church -, who served as Chairman of the Nicosia parish council for 30 years. With the influx of more Protestants , Armenian Evangelicals became affiliated with the Reformed Presbyterian Church as early as Although the main centres were Nicosia and Larnaca , gatherings were occasionally held in Limassol , Famagusta and Amiandos.
There was also a small Armenian Evangelical church, located in Mahmoud Pasha street, in the Turkish-occupied part of the walled city of Nicosia - behind the old American Academy building, near the Arab Ahmed mosque. Prior to its erection, Armenian Evangelicals used to worship God at the Reformed Presbyterian church on Apostolos Varnavas street, opposite the old Powerhouse and behind the building of the Holy Archbishopric of Cyprus.
The church - a vision already since the early s - was eventually built thanks to the initiative of pastor Yohanna Der Megerditchian, with the financial contribution of the Reformed Presbyterian Church and the Armenian Evangelical faithful; its architect was Dickran H. Its foundation stone was laid on 28 July by pastor Yohanna der Megerditchian, who dedicated it on 1 July On the lower part of the right wall to the side of the entrance there is the following inscription in Armenian :.
Perhaps the most iconic religious architecture of Nicosia is the Cathedral of Saint Sophia, also known as the Agia Sophia of Nicosia, which was constructed in the year of as a Catholic church. It was converted into a mosque and it is located in North Nicosia. It has historically been the main mosque of the city. As a mosque it is known as the Selimiye Mosque which is housed in the largest and oldest surviving Gothic church in Cyprus interior dimensions: 66 X 21 m possibly constructed on the site of an earlier Byzantine church .
During the day Ottoman siege of the city in , the cathedral provided refuge for a great number of people. When the city fell on 9 September, Francesco Contarini, the Bishop of Paphos, delivered the last Christian sermon in the building, in which he asked for divine help and exhorted the people. The cathedral was stormed by Ottoman soldiers, who broke the door and killed the bishop along with others. They smashed or threw out Christian items, such as furniture and ornaments in the cathedral  and destroyed the choir as well as the nave.
Following its conversion, the mosque became the property of the Sultan Selim Foundation, which was responsible for maintaining it. Other donors formed a number of foundations to help with the maintenance. In the late 18th century, a large procession that consisted of the leading officials in the front on horseback, followed by lower-ranking officials on foot, came to the mosque every Friday. Historically Nicosia south and north hosts over 15 mosques, either originally constructed as such or converted from a church.
Formerly, the site of the mosque was occupied by the Augustinian Church of Saint Mary, which dated back to the 14th century. During the Ottoman-Venetian War of , the church was first heavily damaged during the siege of Nicosia in , and was eventually levelled after the war. After the Turkish conquest of Cyprus, Lala Mustafa Pasha , the Ottoman commander, ordered a mosque to be built on the site of the former church,  based on a popular belief that Umar , second caliph of Islam, was buried at this site in 7th century.
The Cyprus Museum in Nicosia is the largest and oldest archaeological museum in Cyprus. In old Nicosia, the Ethnological Museum Hadjigeorgakis Kornesios Mansion is the most important example of urban architecture of the last century of Ottoman domination which survives in old Nicosia. Today, the mansion which was awarded the Europa Nostra prize for its exemplary renovation work, functions as a museum where a collection of artifacts from the Byzantine, Medieval and Ottoman periods are displayed.
In the north, the Dervish Pasha Mansion , similar in architecture to the Hadjigeorgakis Kornesios Mansion, serves as an ethnological museum, displaying Ottoman and archaeological artifacts. Art galleries in Nicosia include the Leventis Gallery , which hosts over paintings from Cypriot, Greek or European artists. Nicosia offers a wide variety of musical and theatrical events, organized either by the municipality or independent organizations.
Halls and theatres used for this purpose include:. Nicosia's universities also boast an impressive array of facilities, and many churches and outdoor spaces are used to host cultural events. Nicosia hosted the Miss Universe pageant.
Nicosia is also home to the one of the largest historic Armenian schools, the Melkonian Educational Institute established in which operated until The Melkonian Institution was created as an orphanage in the aftermath of the Armenian Genocide of — Nicosia is the financial and business heart of Cyprus. The city is also home to local financial newspapers such as the Financial Mirror and Stockwatch. Cyprus Airways had its head offices in the entrance of Makariou Avenue.
Nicosia is linked with other major cities in Cyprus via a modern motorway network. The A9 connects Nicosia to the west Nicosia district villages and the Troodos mountains. The capital is also linked to the 2 international airports: Larnaca International Airport and Paphos International Airport. Nicosia International Airport ceased commercial operations in ; it is located within the Green Line buffer zone, and is used as the headquarters of the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus.
Public transport within the city is served by a new bus service. Fares are regulated by law and taxi drivers are obliged to use a taximeter. In , as part of the Nicosia Integrated Mobility Plan, a pre-feasibility study for a proposed tram network has taken place and sponsored by the Ministry of Communications and Works. The study compared two scenarios, with and without the operation of a tramway in terms of emitted polluting loads.
In , the Nicosia Municipality introduced the Bike in Action scheme, a bicycle sharing system which covers the Greater Nicosia area. There is no train network in Cyprus however plans for the creation of an intercity railway are under way. The first railway line on the island was the Cyprus Government Railway which operated from to It was closed down due to financial reasons. There are also many other football clubs in Nicosia and the suburbs.
Nicosia is also the home for many clubs for basketball , handball and other sports. APOEL and Omonia have basketball and volleyball sections and Keravnos is one of the major basketball teams of the island. Also, all teams in the Futsal First Division are from Nicosia. Makario Stadium has a capacity of 16, In Nicosia in and Another event which was hosted in Nicosia were the Games of the Small States of Europe in and Nicosia is twinned with: . Nicosia also cooperates with: .
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Capital of Cyprus and Northern Cyprus de facto. This article is about the city in Cyprus. For the northern part, see North Nicosia. For the Italian commune, see Nicosia, Sicily. For other uses, see Nicosia disambiguation. Capital city. From upper left: Nicosia city skyline, Ledra Street at night, courtyard of Nicosian houses, Venetian walls of Nicosia , a Nicosian door in the old town, the Buyuk Han , a quiet neighbourhood in the old town, Venetian houses, Nicosia Christmas fair, Makariou Avenue at night.
See also: Timeline of Nicosia. See also: Modern history of Cyprus. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. January Learn how and when to remove this template message. See also: List of mayors of Nicosia Municipality. Main article: Administrative divisions of Nicosia.
This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. October Cyprus portal. Archived from the original on 16 October Archived from the original on 3 August Retrieved 30 May In Michaelides, D. Historic Nicosia. Nicosia: Rimal Publications. Archived from the original on 15 March Retrieved 21 July Marshall Cavendish, Archived from the original on 7 March Retrieved 10 March Archived from the original on 5 March Archived from the original on 1 October Archived from the original on 6 March Archived from the original PDF on 22 April Retrieved 12 March Rimal Publications.
Archived from the original on 25 April Retrieved 29 March Retrieved 12 December Archived from the original on 16 December Archived from the original on 13 May Camped on a tiny sliver of land that forms part of a United Nations-controlled buffer zone in the heart of Nicosia, these year-olds and their friends are calling for a return to a way of life they have never known, one in which their communities can mix freely British Cyprus — ".
One individual was killed and fourteen individuals were injured in an explosion near the Central Police Station in Nicosia on June 21, Turkish Cypriots demonstrated against the British colonial government in Nicosia on January 27—29, US Library of Congress. Retrieved 18 June Archived from the original on 17 April BBC News.
Cyprus Mail. Retrieved 25 November August Retrieved 20 May Meteo Climat. Retrieved 17 December Time Magazine. Retrieved 20 March Nicosia: Capital of Cyprus Then and Now , p. Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 3 January Nicosia Turkish Municipality. Archived from the original on 3 January Archived from the original on 4 January Retrieved 4 January Archived from the original on 25 July Eastern Geography Review.
Archived from the original on 18 August Retrieved 6 January Comparative E-Government. Archived from the original on 26 August See also www. Retrieved 15 April Kalaydjian Foundation. Retrieved 16 May US Embassy in Cyprus. Retrieved 26 October Europa Nostra. Archived from the original on 23 September Retrieved 18 February Retrieved 18 March Cem Publishing House.
İslam Ansiklopedisi Encyclopedia of Islam. Retrieved 25 September Retrieved 24 September Archived from the original on 2 January Retrieved 2 January Near East University. Archived from the original on 24 October Retrieved 24 October Agence France Press. Retrieved 28 April Archived from the original on 26 December Famagusta Gazette.
Retrieved 13 June Nicosia Municipality. Nicosia District. Capitals of European states and territories. Capitals of dependent territories and states whose sovereignty is disputed shown in italics. Capitals of Asia. Dependent territories and states with limited recognition are in italics. Municipalities of Cyprus. Geroskipou Paphos Pegeia Polis Chrysochous.
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Source 2: Meteo Climat record highs and lows . Authorization Registration. December 07 0 : 3. This match has finished. Do you Agree? Yes No 25 Votes. Thanks for your vote! We provide correct score prediction as well: Correct score prediction: 1 — 0. Welcome Bonus Get bonus. Who will win? Last matches. AC Omonia 0. AC Omonia 1. W vs Nea Salamina H. W vs Doxa A. D vs Olympiakos Nicosia H. W vs Enosis A. W vs Ethnikos Achna H. D vs Apollon A.
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